All around the world, especially in the developing parts, there are widespread instances of children being used as an informal labor force across industrial sectors. According to surveys, countries like Sudan, Congo, Zimbabwe, Pakistan and Ethiopia have consistently ranked high on the child labor employment charts. But it is India, the largest democratic republic nation in the world that has the dubious distinction of being regarded as the worst of the lot.>
The actual numbers vary since there is no real consistency on the statistical data gathering process. From the official estimates to the numbers put forward by non-governmental organizations and unofficial guesstimates, the numbers fluctuate wildly, going from 10 million children being employed to the high numbers breaching the 100 million mark.
Certain types of industries and occupations have also traditionally lent themselves to employing children out of choice. Examples include: Fireworks industry, Jari work, artificial jewelry units, textile units, etc. Moreover, the entire small and medium scale industry framework has also been at the risk of employing child laborers. Apart from these, ship building yards, scavenging and informal recycling networks, food service industries, etc. too have found to be significantly involved in contributing to the employment of children.
In most instances, the murky world of child trafficking has spread its deadly tentacles by preying on the circumstances and compulsions of people that are already suffering from the scourge of severe poverty conditions. But, child labor in India is not simply a poverty problem. There are other factors involved that include societal attitudes towards children, family driven negligence, and a medieval mindset that believes in practices such as bonded labor and so on.
A close examination of the reasons behind these developments by experts has revealed that they do not really work on their own. In almost all the cases, close interdependencies have been discovered between the key reasons.
At the top of this list is poverty and this is often endemic, running through the fabric of the family or community on the whole. Lack of access to a quality education is another contributing factor, with school dropout rates being higher than the general average in regions where child labor is rampant. There are also high incidences of gender discrimination with girls being consistently worse off than boys in this regard. Natural or man-made disasters often leave children at a considerable disadvantage and expose them to the risk of exploitation.
On-the-whole however, it is society that is largely responsible for this scourge. The demand for cheap labor and the subsequent exploitation of kids are both, the result of societal conditions and it is therefore necessary for the thought process to change, before we see the effects in the actual world.
About The Author
CRY America works to eliminate child labor in India with their various projects supporting children rights. Let us together initiate positive steps and promote the well-being of Indian children.
Taking an elderly parent to the doctor can be a stressful experience. Your elderly parent may not be communicative and you may not know what questions to ask. You can help alleviate some of this stress by being prepared beforehand. It’s a good idea to keep a notebook with your questions about, and observations of, your elderly parent’s physical or mental changes since the last visit. Also, make sure you keep a list of the medications and past treatments for your elderly parent.
If you don’t feel comfortable or are too busy to take your elderly parent to the doctor yourself, you can hire a professional elderly caregiver to attend the doctor’s appointments with your loved one. Since they are highly trained in caring for the elderly in numerous situations, homecare agencies are ideal advocates.
If you plan on taking your elderly parent to the doctor yourself, here are some questions to ask the doctor about your elderly parent: Why is this new medication being prescribed, and what results can we expect? What physical, mental, or behavioral changes should I be documenting on a day-to-day basis? What blood work needs to be done and when (it’s important to regularly check levels of cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, thyroid, iron, etc.)? If a new medication is prescribed, what side effects can we expect? Will the new medication interfere with any of the medications my elderly parent is currently taking? Are there any types of food that should be avoided with the new medication? Can I have a copy of the medical tests and results to stay informed of any changes to my elderly parent’s medical care?
Those are a few of the important questions to ask your elderly parent’s doctor during each visit. You will, of course, have additional questions based on the specific condition of your elderly parent. Whatever you do, don’t be afraid to ask questions if you are unsure of anything. Any good doctor will take the time to answer all of your questions thoroughly and make your elderly parent feel comfortable about the medical care they are receiving.
Remember that it is also appropriate for you to schedule a separate doctor’s appointment (whether over the phone or in person) to discuss sensitive issues without your elderly parent present. No question is too embarrassing for a doctor, but it’s understandable if you feel uncomfortable discussing certain issues during a regular doctor’s visit with your elderly parent.
As previously discussed, you can also have a homecare agency accompany your elderly parent to his doctor’s visit. This takes the stress off of you and ensures that your loved one has an advocate asking all of the right questions.
Learn more about the many homecare services for an elderly parent by visiting www.CambrianHomecare.com or call 877.422.2270.
Most kids in the UK now have a mobile phone – even from the early ages of 7 or 8. The majority of British teenagers would see the removal of their mobile phone as the ultimate punishment a parent could bestow on them.
One of the major reasons why UK parents are prepared to provide their children with mobile phones is safety. We want our kids to be able to get in touch with us when they need help or have become involved in a real emergency situation.
As we all know – the major reasons kids want to have a mobile phone are to: look cool send endless texts
Even the most well behaved teenager is occasionally going to get into a scrape where they need mum and dad’s help.
As parents, we trust that our kids will have the common sense to use their mobile phones to contact us when they have found themselves in a jam. Unfortunately not all kids are blessed with the gift of common sense. As Oscar Wilde once famously said -Youth is wasted on the young.-
Even though your kids have their mobile phones in their possession there are some common reasons why they aren’t able to make that all important call to their parents:
1.Their mobile phone has run out of charge 2.They are in an area where they can’t get reception on their mobile 3.They have no change to use in a payphone
Many UK parents are making the decision to give their children an 0800 number to use when things go wrong as in the list above. The 0800 number is -pointed- to the parents’ home telephone. All your kids have to do is go to any landline including a payphone and they can make a call to their home by dialling the 0800 number given to them by mum and dad.
The cost of the call on the 0800 number is charged to the parents’ landline telephone bill but is a small price to pay for the peace of mind that no matter what happens their kids should still be able to get in touch with them easily.
This author of this article is Jemma Fox of The 0800 Number Company. Jemma is a leading authority on the subject of UK 0800 numbers. Jemma’s website can be found at where you can read up on other product lines including 0845 numbers
The best parenting is smart parenting and you can learn more skills everywhere You can find a lot on the internet and also from reading parenting books Some websites focus on parenting and raising successful children. Of all the styles and guides given, not all are as effective as you want them to. Not many of them really work. Let me give you some of the smart parenting skills and tips that will really give you the tools to raise good children.
Aways strive to be the greatest encourager for your kids. Hearten the kids to choose the positive path. Don’t frighten them with your authority. The child can turn negative to your parenthood and you will maybe loose the respect you have achieved. The gain you get in prasing your children for all the good they have done is unbeatable. Encouragement and praising is not the same. When they have done good, give them a reward or a gift for their efforts. If this will make them to pursue better, it’s definitely worth the effort. Favour the good things they do. If you don’t like the behavior from your child, then talk to them seriously without trying to intimidate them. Shouts and screams must be removed from child to parent discussions. That would not help at all but will for sure worsen the situation.
If the child is at need and ask for help, your open arms and willingness to help will improve your relation. This can significantly make your relation better. By the time they need help, you will be the first person in the world that they will be calling. If anything is wrong you will be the first to know. And it will mean a lot to your child to know that you will be the first person to help out.
You don’t have to buy a lot of toys or other stuff to make them know that you care and love them. The quality time with the children is outmost needed and should be prioritized The more quality time you can provide to the children, the better and they will surely feel that you love them. Try to learn the fun things your child likes and play a lot with them. To have more fun and get really nice quality time, read a book with them. Your relationship with the child will grow even deeper if you put in good quality time. That’s all I have for now. It’s my expectation that this tips will help you built a good relationship with your child and you can find more at Smart Parenting Book site.
Babies are among the most talked about topics in discussions all over the world. With baby emoticons
available, the logos are also just as popular. Babies, on the other hand, have their admirers and also those people who don’t care much.
Do Use Baby Emoticons with The Girls
If you are a first time mother chatting with other females, go ahead and click on the baby emoticons. At times like these, if female friends and family members are chatting with you, it means they are eager to find out how the child is progressing. Use the icons to tell them the baby is bawling its head off or if it is clapping its tiny hands. Your friends will be thrilled with even these minute details.
Dont Employ The Emoticons with Teens
You probably know it but teens are absolutely unpredictable. There is a persistent thought that you as a family member or older acquaintance want only to humiliate them. Click on one of your cute baby emoticons as you leave a comment on her Facebook wall and you could find yourself facing a teen’s wrath like you never know before.
Dont Use The Emoticons with Guys
Unless you are chatting to doting grandfathers, avoid at all cost the use of baby emoticons when you talk to a man. A first time daddy may tolerate it but most of the time it is only the case when the new father is also your husband. Other times, not even him can see a baby emoticon and not cringe.
Do Use Them in Good Frequency
Similar to how the topic of a new baby can get old, so is the over the top use of baby emoticons. People are normally understanding when others talk about their babies and use many icons to represent the topic. Dont be surprised though if these people slowly back out when you say hi to them online or when you leave a wall post on their Facebook walls. Hold your baby emoticons
Whether you are a mom who is appreciating every moment of cuddling a newborn and want to treat yourself to mothers necklaces with childrens names, or if you are a grown son or daughter, or perhaps even a young one looking for a nice way to show thanks, the ideal gift is a necklace. The necklace gift offering has long been associated with respect, deep love and as a symbol of affection.
Ideas for Expressive Mothers Day Gifts
Not surprisingly, a mothers necklace is one of the most commonly presented gifts for Mothers Day. The message is simple: it is a gift of love and encouragement, a reward for this persons mothering qualities. While gift certificates are short-lived and flowers wilt in a matter of days, mothers necklaces with childrens names can last for years on end. It is not only a charm and a blessing, it is also a meditational gift. Something that she will appreciate for years on end and remind her of the joys of parenthood.
Whats really nice about this gift idea is that you can give this type of present to anyone who is a mother, from your own spouse who is the mother of your child, or even your own mother. These items are also available in a wide range of designs, from sculpted miniature shapes to pendants of solid gold, silver and titanium. You can choose between handcrafted designs or even machine-stamped designs. You can personalize everything from baby photos to footprints to silhouettes. The advent of customization is also worth mentioning, as many moms and good sons and daughters now request engraved text to appear on the pendant in order to make the gift a personal expression of thanks. You can also customize the font type and make your necklace extra special.
Celebrity Trends in Mom Jewelry
Mothers necklaces with childrens names is a fad that is not likely to fade out any time soon, considering that moms today are dressing sexier and with more style than ever before. Why, just look at the many celebrities out there that adorn themselves with mother-oriented jewelry; names like Oprah Winfrey, Heidi Klum, Seal, Kate Hudson, Jennifer Garner and Courteney Cox.
If you are interested in buying mothers necklaces with childrens names as a gift for someone else (probably a mom!) or just to treat yourself to a magical gift to enjoy with your growing child, then start looking for affordable options online. Theres a necklace thats just your size and style!
If you have a child who has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, finding the best possible way to treat them can be difficult. Many parents find themselves in a position where they cannot afford to hire special therapists and doctors, and many insurance companies do not pay for treatments for autism. To make the situation worse, many schools do not offer special therapy or classes, instead forcing autistic children into normal classrooms or into the special education classes, where they will not receive the same level of education as their peers. The good news is that there is a better solution.
ABA therapy has long been recognized as the most effective treatment for autism, and there is significant evidence that it can help to reduce symptoms and help many children learn to live a life much more similar to their peers. For parents who cannot afford specialty treatment, is it worthwhile to provide the therapy at home? Absolutely. ABA training courses are available through DVDs, and they can be amazingly effective. These programs include everything needed to provide your child with ABA therapy as well as the training that parents need to offer it properly.
Offering your child ABA therapy at any age can be very effective, and when offered at a very early age, it offers your child the best chance to be able to interact with their peers. Many children who undergo intensive ABA therapy starting near the time of initial diagnosis often make significant enough improvement that they are able to enter into a standard classroom and perform on par with their peers. These children are incredibly bright, and ABA therapy helps to unlock the potential that they hold within themselves. That is why it is such an essential part of autism treatment.
ABA therapy also offers long term benefits that simply cannot be ignored. Kids with autism spectrum disorder who receive ABA are often able to carry on incredibly successful and normal lives, with functional and healthy relationships and great careers. Many people experience a significant enough reduction in symptoms that most people will never guess that they suffer from autism spectrum disorder. As parents, we want to give the very best to our children. ABA therapy is the best way for parents of autistic children to do this. With such an excellent solution available, parents finally have a way to provide a better education even if insurance and finances wont provide the funding needed to hire a professional.
The passing of a mother can be one of the hardest losses a person will experience throughout his or her entire life. It can understandably be extremely difficult to know what to say or how to act when trying to comfort an individual who has experienced such a loss. Many people choose the route of simply avoiding the subject at all cost because it makes them uncomfortable, but this can do more harm than good. Instead of burying and repressing feelings of grief and sadness, you can instead celebrate the mothers life by giving the gift of mothers necklaces.
Mothers necklaces are pieces of jewelry that are customizable to symbolize the relationship between mother and child. If you have a friend who has recently lost their mother, one of these necklaces can be a great gift to memorialize the life of their mother. Instead of giving flowers or a card that will simply litter their home for a few weeks, you can give a piece of beautiful jewelry that they can wear for many years, and remember their mother fondly each time they see it.
These necklaces also make great sympathy gifts to give on mothers day. This day can be extremely difficult for those without a mother, and people often forget that. You can show these individuals that you care, and that you are thinking of them, by giving a gift that will allow them to feel included on the holiday. By giving mothers necklaces to these individuals, you can help make them feel a little less lonely during a time that can be very emotionally difficult.
Mothers necklaces allow the grieving to celebrate the life and the love of their mother instead of focusing on her passing. You can give the gift of a necklace that is personalized with the name, initials, birthstone, or any other symbol that would represent the mother and child relationship. This is a gift that can highlight the beauty and joy of the relationship for many years to come.
You friends and loved ones will certainly appreciate the thoughtfulness of a personalized necklace as a sympathy gift. It shows them that you acknowledge their loss and their pain, but it also allows them to celebrate the relationship and time they had with their mother. A customized mother necklace will allow the child to keep the memory of their mother alive and close to their heart always.
World leading experts in both pregnancy and postpartum depression have been looking very seriously at the cause and effect of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) on the depressive illness known as PND for some years. By all accounts it would appear that the general consensus from the experts is that the technique can be extremely effective in reducing the onset of PND in new moms.
Arising from the way that Kangaroos care for their new born Joey for around four months after birth, in a pouch positioned just below the mother’s chest, KMC is about skin-to-skin contact between mother and new born baby. This same technique used immediately after childbirth for women, is having a resounding effect on both Mothers and their newborn babys. In relation to PND, The increased hormone known as Oxytocin is thought to be at least partially responsible for the reduction in symptoms associated with PND.
Looking at the various studies that have been conducted over the years, it would be safe to say that the concept of KMC is working wonders in reducing and eliminating the stress and anxiety often experienced by new mom’s. It does not matter if Kangaroo Mother Care is done intermittently or continuously, the benefits are amazing. This of course, in turn reduces the number of women, men and families suffering, as a result of postnatal depression.
There is no disputing from experts or mom’s alike, that KMC definitely helps the bonding process between mother and baby, and this bonding process starts the very moment that a baby is conceived. It is also being shown and accepted that Kangaroo Mother Care reduces the symptoms often associated with PND, as much as KMC enhances the physiological stability in the baby. Interestingly, through KMC a Mothers growing awareness of her newborn babys cues contributes to the possibility of sustained breastfeeding.
Studies have shown that there are no unwanted side effects from the implementation of KMC. Furthermore, KMC enhances bonding as well as reducing the symptoms of PND. These are just a few of the reasons why and the benefits of the introduction of KMC as soon as possible after birth. The great thing about introducing KMC immediately is that it does not interfere with further procedures that may be necessary after giving birth and should in most situations be the priority. Most procedures can be carried out unhampered by baby being skin-to-skin with mom. Kangaroo Mother Care should not only be introduced as soon as possible and there is also room for dad and other siblings to get involved in this process.
Study and research has been carried out around the world and in various demographics. People from both ends of the economic spectrum have been involved in Kangaroo Mother Care research, and there seems to be no apparent discrepancy in the benefits discovered. So, Kangaroo Mother Care is for every baby and every parent regardless of your location in the world.
Is there a lot of stress and strain in your life because your children just dont listen?
Do you spend the majority of your waking moments chasing after your children because they are not listening to you, and you feel like you have to micro-manage?
Do you have no energy because all your energy is spent being frustrated and blocked by your childrens apparent inability to follow orders?
Well, the good news is you may be able to get back your time and energy and a balanced family life simply by understanding what the communication block is between you and your children.
Of course, every child is unique. Some children need their freedom more than others. Some children enjoy structure, and some do not. But what they all do have is one, two, three or four communication modalities or communication modes in common.
What is a communication modality or mode?
As Dr. Robby, Director of the LMC Relationship Centre, Developer of the Better Parents, Better Kids Program, and co-author of our e-book, Better Parents, Better Kids, explains:
“Communication is the result you get. Different people are on different channels. We learn, we express love and communicate through different modes or combinations of modes. It is important to know who you are playing with and what channel they are playing on, or else your communication will not be very effective. We basically all want to get what we want. If you cannot get your message through of what your needs, wants, dreams, goals and visions are, you will be very frustrated and stressed. So an understanding of communication modes is a basic skill for relationship success, whether that is a relationship with a partner, your children, friends, family or coworkers.”
The following is a very basic definition of the communication modes. You can be primarily one mode or a mixture of up to all four.
Visual people communicate by seeing and doing. They like activities and they like gifts. They notice people, places and things with just the slightest glance. They feel and share love by doing things with or for other people. They take things at face value and do not look deeper into things. They learn by seeing and doing.
Auditory people communicate through talking. They have the natural gift of the gab, are designed to be able to talk for long periods of time. They enjoy talking and listening to other people talk. They feel loved when they are talked to, and like to hear the words “I love you.” They learn by hearing.
Digital people communicate through connection and understanding. They find the deeper meaning in everything they think, see and do. Understanding is very important to them. They feel loved when they share connections with others and are understood. They learn by understanding.
Kinesthetic people communicate through their bodies. They move, feel and express through their bodies. Kinesthetics love to touch, feel, do physical activities and hug. They feel loved when they are touched. They learn through touch and through experience.